Steps for writing an essay


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An essay can be five paragraphs long or twenty pages long, written on any topic: from the analysis of the financial and economic activity of an enterprise to the hierarchy of society.

The main thing is that what you write corresponds to the description of the “essay”, which in French means “to try, try”. Usually, an essay is your attempt to explain your point of view, and skillfully written essay is always vivid, understandable and informative.

What steps need to perform to write an essay?

Step 1. Decide on the context.

If the essay is given to you, then some parameters will be determined for you: this is the length of the essay, the format of the title page, the target audience (for example, teacher, admissions office, website readers). It does not matter what requirements you have set, follow them. What it is worth concentrating on is the main thought of the essay.

Step 2. Select a topic.

Often the topic will be chosen for you, but if not, then try to choose something interesting, or even better, what is your passion. Then writing an essay will be much easier. Nevertheless, you can choose a topic with which you absolutely do not share a common point of view, write as if against it, because then you can better see the “cracks” in your arguments.

Step 3. Collect information.

In order to back up the thesis with evidence, you need information, whether you are writing about a scientific fact or are it just your personal observations. Notice from which sources the facts originate. Do not ignore the facts and statements that refute your point of view. A good essayist will always find arguments in favor of his thesis.

Step 4. Plan your essay.

Now it’s time to strengthen your main idea with facts. Carefully review all the information you have collected. Do you see the main principles and observations? Try to make a mental map that you follow when writing. Make a short outline, make up paragraph headings to streamline the structure of the essay.

Step 5. First write the main part.

Identify three main thoughts that will help you reinforce the thesis of the text. Each point of view must be supported by evidence, examples and arguments. In a short essay, every paragraph should cover one thought. For longer ones, it may take a whole page to substantiate a point of view. Follow your plan, build sentences in a logical order, from one to another. After you describe all the basic ideas, combine all the fragments with binding sentences.

Step 6. Write a conclusion.

Summarize your main ideas, and offer the reader a direction in which to develop them. What conclusions can be drawn from the thesis? What questions remained unanswered? This is not the place to offer any new information, just “repack” what you have already discussed using a wider perspective.

Step 7. Write an introduction.

Now that you have prepared the main part and the conclusion, you are in a better position to tell the reader what you will write about. Explain your statement of thesis, and how you will prove it, in basic terms. Start with a general statement, backing it up with a question or a problem, then a thesis and a short overview of your points of view. For long essays, it will sometimes be useful to use the concept of an “inverted pyramid” when you start with a broader description of your topic and gradually narrow it down to the main idea of ​​the text.